We took part in the 2018 edition of the Young Researchers’ Days on Housing and Habitat, organised by the “REcherche HAbitat-Logement” (REHAL) network and the LISST laboratory of the University Toulouse 2 Jean-Jaurès. These days took place in Toulouse on 28 and 29 May 2018.
Our communication focused on “Collective energy renovation schemes dependent on public authorities.”
Whether nature serves as a claim for collectives or whether it serves (or even serves) political interests, it leads to attempts to control it through environmental thinking. The latter are reflected in political decision-making by the implementation of actions and means. Within the framework of the development of actions to control energy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the building sector, the Regional Council of Lorraine, now Grand-Est, supports private and public initiatives. Part of my research focused on the study of four regional initiatives, entitled « energy renovation system » :
- a European Economic Interest Grouping (EEIG) with a cross-border dimension ;
- a Cooperative Society of Collective Interest (CSCI) and its association with its collective dimension of self-innovative housing estates ;
- a Pays with the adaptation and optimisation of a national scheme to combat fuel poverty on its territory ;
- a CSCI with its Energy Performance Contract (turnkey renovation).
These mechanisms bring together a multitude of actors and set in motion collective and cross-cutting actions in a field that is just as important. They incorporate their environment and initiate actions according to the local needs identified. From their emergence to their internal functioning and up to their deployment to their networks and target audiences, the schemes could not have developed without the support of public structures to which they must comply with their requirements. Indeed, even if an energy renovation platform is seen as a service, it is above all a tool at the service of the territory. As a result, we cannot ignore the political and institutional dimension that it has; it is therefore part of the analysis of the collective action carried out by the devices.
In this communication, we have transmitted analyses on the plurality of forms of action, of actors’ games and of decision-making processes to the actors involved in these systems. Three strategies have been described: :
- The systems surround themselves with players in the energy renovation process with whom they enter into partnerships.
- The systems are organised in a legal form that enables all the players in the energy renovation process to be brought together in a defined area.
- The systems studied claim their originality through the prism of innovation, whether technical and/or organisational.
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